Arthritis

There are more than 100 types of arthritis but the common ones are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.Arthritis is simply joint inflammation.There are several factors that influence arthritis which include:- age,family history , infection and immune system dysfunction and lifestyle.

Osteoarthritis- is mostly associated with tear and wear of the joint as one ages,  inflammation in the joint and a previous damage to the joint such as fracture or any other injuries.

symptoms

  • joint pain
  • progressive stiffness that develops gradually.
  • Decreased range of motion

Managing osteoarthritis

  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Avoid sports injuries through proper equipment
  • Adequate training and safe play help prevent tears
  • Exercise frequently

Rheumatoid arthritis.

This refers to painful swelling, inflammation and stiffness in the fingers, arms, legs and wrists occurring in the same joints on both sides of the body especially when one wakes up.

Symptoms and management are similar to those of osteoarthritis mentioned above

In rheumatoid arthritis body’s immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule.This  lining known as the synovial membrane becomes inflamed and swollen.If the disease progresses it can destroy cartilage and bone within the joint.

Arthritis is diagnosed through imaging services and lab tests.

Treatment

Arthritis treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and improving joint function.One can try out the  medications according to the type of arthritis to find out that works best.

 

 

 

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