PREP and PEP.
Although individuals, health practitioners and organisations have put much effort on fighting against HIV/Aids,It is still among the major killer diseases in the country. People who are at high risk of getting HIV include gays (MSM), sexual workers, people with multiple sexual partners and people who inject illicit drugs.Recently Prep has been introduced as a new prevention method which people who don’t have HIV infection take a pill daily to reduce their risk of becoming infected.
Both PREP and PEP are medications for preventing transmission of HIV virus. Pre exposure prophylaxis(PREP) is an HIV prevention option for those people who are at a high risk of getting infected. It is highly effective for preventing HIV if used as prescribed but less effective when not taken consistently.
PREP is a once-daily pill which is supposed to be taken for 28 days before exposure to a risk of being infected.
Who is supposed to take PREP
PREP is for people who are at high risk of being infected with HIV.They include:-
- Sexual workers
- discordant couples(HIV positive and HIV negative partners in a sexual relationship).
- People with multiple sexual partners.
prep is supposed to be used along with safer sex practices such as condom use and regular HIV testing.This drug is taken before exposure to risk of infection.
post exposure prophylaxis is taken within 72 hrs after exposure to HIV and consist of a month of treatment.
Pep is mostly for:-
- people who have had forced sex(rape)
- if breakage of condom has occurred.
- when one has had sex (unprotected) with people whose status is unknown.