Lung cancer

Though lung cancer is known to affect cigarette smokers and inactive smokers there are other factors which include family history of cancer and  radon gas or asbestos. Both smokers and non smokers are vulnerable to lung cancer and therefore should take care of their body. If you smoke, it is good you talk with an expert about quitting, “it is never late to quit.”

Your lungs are a pair of sensitive and large organs in your chest .They are part of your respiratory system. Cancer begins in cells, the building block that make up all tissues all tissues and organs of the body including the lungs. Cells in the body grow and divide to form new cells as they are needed normal cells grow old or get damaged and die thereof being replaced by new cells.These cells build up forming a mass of tissue called a growth or tumor, these tumors in the lung can be cancerous or non cancerous.Most people diagnosed with lung cancer fall under non small cell type of lung cancer.

Tobacco use causes many types of cancer including cancer of the lung, larynx(voice box), mouth, esophagus, throat, bladder, kidney, stomach,pancreas, colon, rectum and cervix as well as acute myeloid leukemia.

How do you know that you are suffering from lung cancer?

Signs and symptoms of lung cancer usually occur when the disease is advanced.

  • Cough that doesn’t go away.
  • chest pain
  • losing weight without trying
  • coughing up blood even a small amount
  • shortness of breath
  • changes in chronic cough
  • wheezing

How is lung cancer diagnosis done?

Can be done through:-

  • Ct scans
  • screening
  • sputumcytology
  • tissue sample(biopsy)

Over 8 billion sticks of cigarettes are smoked in Kenya every year according to recent statistics from WHO.

Here are some ways you can quit smoking cigarette

  • Expect some physical symptoms. If your body is addicted to nicotine, you may go through withdrawal when you quit.
  • Keep yourself busy.
  • Quit gradually.
  • Look into using a nicotine replacement if you need to.
  • If you slip up, don’t give up!
  • Reward yourself.
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Endometrial cancer

Cancer 

Cancer is the third highest cause of morbidity in Kenya, Endometrium cancer is the sixth most common cancer  worldwide according to  http://www.wcrf.org/int/cancer-facts-figures/data-specific-cancers/endometrial-cancer-cancer-lining-womb-statistics.

Endometrial cancer.

  • Endometrium/uterus.

Uterus is where a fetus grows and develops when a woman is pregnant,endometrium is the inner layer of uterus which prevent adhesion between the opposed wall of the outer layer (myometrium) thereby maintaining the degree of openness of the tube of the outlet in the cavity (patency). During a woman’s menstrual cycle hormones cause the endometrium to change during the early stage of the cycle, before ovulation oestrogen (hormone) is produced by the ovaries which make the endometrium thicken so as to nourish an embryo if pregnancy occurs, if no pregnancy, estrogen is produced in low amount and more of progesterone is made after ovulation , preparing the endometrium to shade as menstrual period this cycle repeats until the woman’s’ is post menopause.

Endometrial cancer begins when  cells in the lining of the uterus start to multiply out of control and these cells are capable of spreading to other parts of the body , it can be detected early enough for treatment. It is influenced by the following factors:-

  • Age
  • Use of intrauterine device
  • hormonal change
  • birth control pills
  • Diabetes
  • Family history
  • Obesity
  • Having been diagnosed with other types of cancer such as ovarian cancer, breast cancer. data shows that in every 30 cases of cervical cancer there is one case of endometrial cancer.

Causes of endometrial cancer

Body fatness and glycemic are the well-known causes of this type of cancer, therefore people are asked to engage in physical activities and drink coffee.

Endometrial cancer like any other cancer can be treated through surgery, radiation therapy , hormonal therapy and chemotherapy.